India Meteorological Department
was established in 1875. It is the National Meteorological
Service of the country and the principal government agency in
all matters relating to meteorology, seismology and allied
- To take meteorological
observations and to provide current and forecast meteorological
information for optimum operation of weather-sensitive activities
like agriculture, irrigation, shipping, aviation, offshore oil
- To warn against severe weather
phenomena like tropical cyclones, norwesters, duststorms, heavy
rains and snow, cold and heat waves, etc., which cause destruction
of life and property.
- To provide meteorological
statistics required for agriculture, water resource management,
industries, oil exploration and other nation-building activities.
- To conduct and promote research
in meteorology and allied disciplines.
- To detect and locate earthquakes
and to evaluate seismicity in different parts of the country for